It is the national and official language of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, and the official language of several northeastern states of the Republic of India, including West Bengal, Tripura, Assam (Barak Valley) and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.With over 210 million speakers, Bengali is the seventh most spoken native language in the world.
In 1952, the Bengali Language Movement successfully pushed for the language's official status in the Dominion of Pakistan.
In 1999, UNESCO recognized 21 February as International Mother Language Day in recognition of the language movement in East Pakistan.
In 2010, the parliament of Bangladesh and the legislative assembly of West Bengal proposed that Bengali be made an official UN language.
Bengali language is native to the region of Bengal, which comprises Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, southern Assam and the present-day nation of Bangladesh.
There are cases where speakers of Standard Bengali in West Bengal will use a different word from a speaker of Standard Bengali in Bangladesh, even though both words are of native Bengali descent.