Arfika phntos xxx


After the victory at Alam Halfa, Montgomery prepared to go on the offensive.

He brought more troops, including the 51st (Highland) Infantry Division and experienced 4th Indian Infantry Division, to reinforce XXX Corps and also assigned the 2nd New Zealand Division from XIII Corps along with its 9th Armoured Brigade.

XXX Corps was forced to retreat to Mersa Matruh, held by the newly formed British X Corps.

The Germans quickly broke through, surrounded X Corps (which fortunately for the British, managed to break out) and pushed XXX Corps back to El Alamein.

XXX Corps was then involved in extensive retraining, as it was to make a major push and create a corridor for the tanks of X Corps to break through.

On the night of 24 October, Montgomery was ready with his attack.

XXX Corps was assigned to hold the northern part of the line, though at this point it was reinforced by units from XIII Corps including the 1st South African Infantry Division and 9th Australian Division due to suffering considerable casualties and loss of equipment.